Austin is building a mini Silicon Valley, with some of the same problems
Updated: May 8, 2019
Three years ago, Brin Chartier went to Austin for the South by Southwest festival and decided she wasn’t going to leave. Then 27, the Boston native found a job at a tech startup and moved there the next year.
“I fell in love,” she said.
Lots of cities are trying to fashion themselves as the next Silicon Valley, but Austin is truly having a moment. Its economy, population and list of high-profile employers have all ballooned in recent years.
Chartier is among a wave of Austin transplants, attracted by the mix of affordability, opportunity and eclecticism. “So many new people were moving in,” Chartier said. “It’s been wild. After a month or two, I was old news.”
Austin’s population increased 23 percent from 2010 to 2017, growing faster than any other U.S. metropolitan region, and far outpacing the national rate of 5 percent, according to data from research firm Statista. It’s slated to expand the size of the downtown area by half, based on projects under construction or planned, according to Austin’s economic development department. As a result, the city is becoming less affordable and driving longtime residents out. It’s starting to look more like the Valley in less desirable ways, too.
Local tax incentives
One draw for businesses is the local tax incentive program, which takes into account job creation and environmental impact. The technology industry is one of the biggest drivers of growth. And the city isn’t over-reliant on one employer-unlike, say, Arlington, Virginia, which Amazon.com Inc. plans to call its second home. In the past few years, Amazon, Apple Inc., Facebook Inc. and Google have established large Austin outposts, and each recently signaled plans to expand there.
Amazon spent $13.7 billion to acquire Austin-based Whole Foods in 2017 and is leasing nearly half of a new tower under construction, according to a local report last month. Apple’s presence in Austin is the biggest after its headquarters in Cupertino, California, and the company said it would invest $1 billion in Austin to build an office park capable of holding 15,000 additional employees, roughly double the current workforce there. Juul Labs Inc., the San Francisco-based maker of a popular e-cigarette, said it will open an office in Austin for some four-dozen employees to start. The plans, which haven’t been previously reported, would designate Austin as the head of Americas for Juul.
South by Southwest, which kicked off Friday, serves as the city’s annual showcase. Since the first music festival in 1987, organizers have added film screenings, a technology conference, video game competitions and political debates. This year will feature Democratic presidential candidates Elizabeth Warren and Amy Klobuchar, alongside acting lessons from Jodie Foster and an interview with the founders of Instagram.
A quasi-official slogan of the city is “Keep Austin Weird.” That a landlocked, lone liberal stronghold in the country’s conservative heartland became a tech hub is a suitably weird fact. Jeff Haynie, who has spent the last two decades starting tech companies in Atlanta and Silicon Valley, moved his family and his newest startup, Pinpoint Software Inc., from Mountain View, California, to Austin last year. The company’s investors include Bessemer Venture Partners, Slack Technologies Inc. and Bloomberg Beta, the venture capital arm of Bloomberg LP.
More affordable housing, a higher quality of life, relaxed business licensing rules and the absence of personal state income taxes convinced Haynie to come to Texas, he said. The state climbed to become the third-most-popular place to start a new business over the last decade, from 20th, according to the
Kauffman Foundation. The recent migration of talent and a change in attitudes among VCs makes starting a tech company outside of the Valley more possible than ever, Haynie said.
Haynie has been coming to South by Southwest since 2009. He’ll spend the next week attending the festivities and entertaining friends and old colleagues from the Valley.
Posted Mar 10, 2019